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Google's parent company, Alphabet, is a massive company dabbling in a bunch of surprising areas

Google officially became Alphabet in October, 2015, with the hope of allowing businesses units to operate independently and move faster. Google cofounder Larry Page is the CEO of the umbrella company, Alphabet.


Alphabet is divided into two main units: Google and Other...
Alphabet is divided into two main units: Google and Other Bets. Other Bets is best known for its "moonshot" R&D unit, X, but it also houses several other companies. Let's start with the smaller companies under Other Bets.



Nest builds smart thermostats and other home devices, like...
Nest builds smart thermostats and other home devices, like outdoor security cameras. The company was acquired by what is now Alphabet in 2014, and in June of last year, CEO Tony Fadell stepped down but remains within Alphabet. He was replaced by Marwan Fawaz.



Alphabet's Access & Energy division includes Google Fiber,...
Alphabet's Access & Energy division includes Google Fiber, which launched in Kansas City in 2012 but has since expanded to about 9 cities. Fiber offers extremely fast high-speed internet (up to 1G) and some TV. It's billed as an alternative to traditional cable companies. It currently has about 200,000 subscribers.



But Fiber has seen tough times lately, significantly scaling...
But Fiber has seen tough times lately, significantly scaling back its high-speed internet business and eliminating hundreds of jobs earlier this year. Rumors are swirling that Google may be trying to sell its Fiber division sometime this year.



Google's life sciences unit was formerly part of Alphabet's...
Google's life sciences unit was formerly part of Alphabet's research and development unit, X. It renamed itself to Verily in 2015 and became a company under the Alphabet umbrella. Verily focuses on healthcare and disease prevention research, like smart contact lenses that can monitor a wearer's glucose levels and eating utensils with automatic stabilization for users with unsteady hands, such as Parkinson's patients.



Sidewalk Labs is an Alphabet company founded in 2015 to...
Sidewalk Labs is an Alphabet company founded in 2015 to focus on urban innovation. Led by Dan Doctoroff, Sidewalk Labs aims to find new ways to improve cities through technology. The company is located in New York City's Hudson Yards redevelopment.



Calico launched in 2013 with the aim to "cure death." The...
Calico launched in 2013 with the aim to "cure death." The Alphabet-owned company has invested millions to develop drugs that could help prolong human life by fighting age-related diseases like cancer or Alzheimer's.



GV is Alphabet's early-stage venture arm, formerly known...
GV is Alphabet's early-stage venture arm, formerly known as Google Ventures, GV has $2.4 billion under management and has invested in more than 300 companies, including Uber, Flatiron Health, and Slack.



Google Capital — now known as CapitalG — is Alphabet's...
Google Capital — now known as CapitalG — is Alphabet's growth equity investment fund. Its mission is purely financial returns, but unlike GV, Google Capital focuses on later-stage startups. Some of its investments include Airbnb, Glassdoor, and Thumbtack.



The "think tank" division within Alphabet was spun off...
The "think tank" division within Alphabet was spun off into a company called Jigsaw early in 2016. Led by Jared Cohen, Jigsaw uses technology to tackle geopolitical problems like online censorship, extremism, and harassment.



Google DeepMind focuses on artificial intelligence research....
Google DeepMind focuses on artificial intelligence research. Acquired in 2014 for $500 million, DeepMind has focused on adding artificial intelligence throughout Google products, including search. The DeepMind AI can also teach itself how to play arcade games and can play board games against humans.



Based in London, DeepMind is now setting up a sizable new...
Based in London, DeepMind is now setting up a sizable new team in the US in order to increase collaboration within Google.



Google's Self Driving Car Project worked for the past 7.5...
Google's Self Driving Car Project worked for the past 7.5 years to develop fully autonomous vehicles. While it began as a part of Google X, the self-driving car unit spun out into its own Alphabet company, Waymo, in December 2016.
Source: BloombergGoogle



Waymo, which stands for "Way forward in mobility," has...
Waymo, which stands for "Way forward in mobility," has the mission of making "it safe and easy for people and things to move around." The cars have now driven two million miles, but have not yet become available for commercial use.



There are also a few more divisions housed within X, Alphabet's...
There are also a few more divisions housed within X, Alphabet's moonshot factory. X is led by Astro Teller.



Project Loon is an X "moonshot" that aims to bring internet...
Project Loon is an X "moonshot" that aims to bring internet to two-thirds of the world's population using internet-beaming hot air balloons. The project recently got a new CEO and a big upgrade that lets the balloons cluster together and beam internet to a concentrated area in need.



Project Wing is also part of Google X. The commercial drone...
Project Wing is also part of Google X. The commercial drone delivery service is set to launch in 2017 and made headlines in September 2016 when it flew Chipotle burritos to Virginia Tech students. Project Wing has had its own troubles (like accusations of harsh working conditions) and the head of Wing, Dave Vos, left the company in October 2016. But the company says it's still committed to the project.



Titan Aerospace was acquired by Google in 2014 and renamed...
Titan Aerospace was acquired by Google in 2014 and renamed Project Titan as part of X. Project Titan was charged with building solar-powered drones built to fly nonstop for years and beam internet around the world. But the project was shuttered altogether in late 2016 with the remnants of it lumped in with Project Wing.



Up next: Google itself.
Up next: Google itself.



All of Alphabet's "traditional" products — like Chrome,...
All of Alphabet's "traditional" products — like Chrome, the new Pixel phone, Google Home, and Google Play — are still housed under Google, which is helmed by CEO Sundar Pichai.



Google's hardware division was formed in 2016 when Google...
Google's hardware division was formed in 2016 when Google hired former Motorola president Rick Osterloh. Osterloh was put in charge of Pixel phones, Google Home, Chromebooks, and revamping Google Glass. Osterloh reports directly to Sundar Pichai.



ATAP, which stands for Advanced Technology and Projects,...
ATAP, which stands for Advanced Technology and Projects, is a secretive Google division that works on projects like Jacquard, which makes smart fabric; Soli, which uses radar for touchless gesture control; and Spotlight Stories, which creates short VR films. ATAP now falls under Osterloh's hardware division.



Diane Greene — who Google hired in 2015 — runs Google's...
Diane Greene — who Google hired in 2015 — runs Google's cloud businesses, which includes G Suite (formerly Google Apps for Work), Google Cloud Platform, and more.



Google Cloud is Google's cloud computing platform that...
Google Cloud is Google's cloud computing platform that competes with Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure. It reports to Diane Greene and is a major sources of investment for Google right now. Google execs have said that it could one day be bigger than Google's ad search business.



G Suite includes Hangouts Meet, Calendar, Mail, Plus, Cloud...
G Suite includes Hangouts Meet, Calendar, Mail, Plus, Cloud Search, and Drive. According to Google, millions of businesses are now using the service.
Source: Google



YouTube was acquired in 2006 and remains a subsidiary of...
YouTube was acquired in 2006 and remains a subsidiary of Google. The video hosting site is run by Susan Wojcicki.



Google's core product, web search, remains under the Google...
Google's core product, web search, remains under the Google umbrella. There are more than 2.3 million Google searches per minute, which adds up to more than 100 billion Google searches per month.



Google Maps is part of Google's core business and now has...
Google Maps is part of Google's core business and now has more than 1 billion monthly users.



Google AdSense lets publishers earn money from online content,...



And finally, there's Android: Google's mobile operating...
And finally, there's Android: Google's mobile operating system. The company frequently rolls out new versions, all named after different desserts. The current version, 7.0, is named Nougat, but previous iterations have been named KitKat, Lollipop, and Marshmallow. Apps, movies, music, and books for Android devices can be downloaded from Google's Play Store.

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